Immanuel Kant VII. – Tribunal

Where we left Kant in the last Critique, he was explicitly denying the power of a human being to come to knowledge of God, the nature of the soul, the nature of all of existence, and so on, by means of both empirical experience and ratiocination. These topics and any deriving from them are our…

Al Ghazali I. – The Lost Faculty

I didn’t expect to be making my foray into a work of Al Ghazali’s so soon, or that it would be the subject of a series of posts, but when I began to read it I realized, as one always realizes, that Al Ghazali has accomplished the bulk of the work already and for those…

Immanuel Kant VI. – The End of This Chapter

I pushed forward and have finished the Critique of Pure Reason. I won’t attempt to give anything like the close account that I had previously undertook but instead provide my thoughts on the journey so far. From where we left off, Kant goes on to quite lengthily set up his notion of the rules and…

Immanuel Kant V. – Glimpses of a Tower

Space and time are the forms of all possible intuition. They are presentation, as concepts are representation. What is given in space and time is reformulated in and by my cognitive faculties. It is through the spontaneity of thought that the multiplicity or manyness that is given by intuition is unified. The spontaneous action of…

Immanuel Kant IV. – Kalam-Kant

Kant has thus far introduced, in detail, the faculty of sensibility, and its attendant form or rule which is time and space. Sensibility is the faculty that provides us with intuitions and and its representations must be ordered temporally and spatially. Now we will turn the lens upon the understanding. The understanding is that which…

Immanuel Kant III. – Forced March

The second important concern of our transcendental aesthetic is that it not merely earn some favor as a plausible hypothesis, but that it be as certain and indubitable as can ever be demanded of a theory that is to serve as an organon. -Immanuel Kant, Critique of Pure Reason It is likely that as the…